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Christology from the Beginning
The person and work of Christ has a direct impact upon all things as we know it from “Let there be light:” to “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen” He is the author and pioneer of all of us. As a result of our fall and His love, he had to come to wash away our sins, with His very blood. Chris said to be ready and be watching for His return. The eleven men he ministered to prior to His death and resurrection and the one, Paul, whom He enslaved, were the first to be commissioned to spread the gospel to the whole world. They set the tone for all of us who receive the call to do the work of our Lord. We are to evangelize and build churches with the word of God. We are to be blameless in our instruction and shepherding of the congregations. In the preparation, and ministering the Good News of who Jesus Christ is, what He has done and inevitably what He will do. All of this work is culminating His work to the facilitation of His return. Some will endure until the end and be glorified. Many will turn their backs now, and during the tribulation. Even some of the church will turn from Him. The will perish. This is makes the shepherding paramount. God uses each and every one of us to do his will. Both the just and the un-just. Even Balaam’s donkey could not escape the will of God in effort to facilitate His divine plan.
Christ has been with us and has made his presence known through out the first gospel. It was the work of God the Father, Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit that gave us the heavens for light and wonder. The providence of our God gave us the earth and all things in it as our home, shelter and sustenance. He reveals Himself in future tense in the third chapter of Genesis. Letting us know, He will come and the enemy will be defeated. “And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed: it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heal”. And again in Isaiah, “Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin. He shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.” This message is complete in twenty five words “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”
Christ said to search the scriptures and you will find Him. We have learned that the Hebrew text shows a greater and lesser title of YHWH. LORD and Lord. As well as the reference to the “Angel of the LORD” depict Christ. A great example is Christ visiting Abraham in chapter 18 with two angles. Possibly the only two ever referenced, Michael and Gabriel. “And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee from thy servant.”
When Jacob was dying, he called his sons to share with them hope when he is gone. “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a law giver rom between his feed, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.” This is the beginning of Messianic prophecies. There are a total of 456 times in the Old Testament that Jesus was mentioned in the context of being the Messiah. In Job, He is the mediator. In first Samuel, He is the anointed faithful priest. The book of Psalms tells of His glory from natural revelation to the doctrine of end things. Russell D. Moore writes, “All along the way the Scripture speaks of God’s purpose to build a kingdom for his anointed, incarnate Son as the firstborn among many brothers. Eschatology then is inherently messianic-in both Old and New Testaments.”
Christ in the New Testament
Jesus Christ, the second in the trinity, came to first be our Rabbi and show us the way. He became the rock on which the church, the bride, the body of Christ was to be founded upon. And when all the prophecies and laws were fulfilled that the Father deemed necessary, he put himself in place of us upon the cross to bear the wrath of God the Father. “Eli, Eli, lama, sa-bach-thani?” Fulfillment of Psalm 22,” My God, My God, why has thou forsaken me?” We witness The Son’s cry to the Father who could not look upon him. He had to turn away as all His wrath was bore done upon him. Tetelestai.
Pentecost fulfilled in Acts 2. The Holy Spirit, He came upon the disciples to edify them and the church. “And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams.” And so the early church began. And the eleven need a scholar; one to write to the churches of Rome, Corinth, Galatia and so on. Christ chose the evilest man he could find to make example of him and use him for His will. “Saul, Saul why persecutest thou me.” Christ was addressing then Saul for persecuting His church. He blinded him on the road to Damascus. Paul was demolished by Christ; torn apart and turned upside down. Life as he knows it was a lie. He felt the hand of Jesus Christ upon him. The one he denied and suffered the remorse of all of those he persecuted. He spent days without food or drink. He had to wait for Ananias while he mourned his wretchedness. Paul was convicted, justified and enslaved by Jesus Christ, to further the gospel. He had to submit, even unto his own life. “For I am in a strait betwixt two, having desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better.” 
“For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout…” Paul and John both write of the return of Christ. Johns vision in Revelations of the Lamb on the throne of God. The bride will endure many things. But God promises that it will be no more than we can bear. And at the final trumpet, Christ shall return and those who have died in Christ and those who are living will be caught up with Him. And He shall reign for ever and ever.
The history of the study of the life and work of Christ starts with Protoevangelium. This is the revelation of Christ in the first Gospel, the Old Testament. From John 1 we can see Christ in the creation. In Romans 5, Paul writes the correlation between Adam and Christ. “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned…But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abound unto many.”
There were some that had an issue with Christ the deity under Docetism. “First John was written, in part to confront a heresy known as Docetism. False teachers were harassing the Johannine communities.”
Historical development of Christology
Docetism is the idea of Christ only appearing to have a body or somewhat like an angel introduce the Demiurge. Spirit and matter at odds against each other. The first to rebut this heresy was Ignatius in 110 A.D. He wrote a letter to Ephesians which referred to those who were spreading this affront to God as dogs, and should be avoided like wild beasts. He also wrote to the Trallians on this matter stating, “…If that is the case, I die for no reason; what is more, I am telling lies about the Lord.”
Irenaeus in 130 A.D. also sent a letter to the same effect to Cerinthians confronting the Gnostics. He had referenced the disciple John proclaiming the Word made flesh. He stated in antithetical fashion to drive the point they undo the work of salvation with this heretical idea.
Irenaeus had to address other heresies like Ebionism which was the rejection of Christ being deity. “Vain also are the Ebionites who do not accept in their souls by faith the union of God and man…”
These debates bore council. The first being The Council of Nicea in 325 A.D.. The theology that Arius adopted called Adoptionism and Dynamic Monarchianism was a belief that Jesus was not coeternal and was created from nothing. Which came to its conclusion on May 20th were approximately 318 bishops determined that Christ was fully divine affirmed in the Nicene Creed.; “Light from Light”.
The Council of Constantinople in 381 condemned the teachings of Apollinarus. He professed divine Logos and Constantinople affirmed the full humanity of Jesus. Apollinarus believed that Christ was completely God but wasn’t completely human.
The Council of Ephesus in 431 condemned Nestorius belief that there were two separate persons of Christ. This literally reads as Jesus having multiple personalities. This Nestorianism proclaims these two people in Jesus act in unity.
The Council of Chalcedon in 451 was the last of the Christological councils. This council excommunicated Eutyches for his view of Monophysitism. A belief that is contrary to what we know now. He believed Christ was neither fully man nor fully God. He was some type of new nature all together. The Chalcedon statement that Jesus Christ is one person with two natures being the Son of the triune God is retained to this day.
Monasticism introduced by St Augustine was a religious way of life separated from the world. This is a misguided concept that stems from sanctification. “I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them form evil.” Monasticism was later refuted through reformists.
The Church started this period with missionary, which was an attempting to fulfill commission by converting barbarians. Chalcedonian doctrine of one person with plural natures in Christ was with Anselm during this period. Anselm developed Anselmian Soteriology, which indented to provide rational defense of Incarnation. Anselm solidified Latin Christology. Anselm defended Scholasticism. Circa 1070 he defined the Spirit as the “self-love” that “proceeds equally from the Father and Son. Love that is nothing other than the supreme essence and Father, Son and Love are one supreme essence. In On the Procession of the Holy Spirit…”
Catholicism was on a decline in the later 1200’s. The Renaissance in part, lead to the Reformation. There was an expression of a more religions nature. The plague was upon them in the mid 1300’s. This created a great need for the hope of Jesus Christ. The church did not want to reveal the truth.
Around 1450 in Guttenberg Germany printing for the church began. Having the ability to print paved the way for people like Wycliffe and Tyndale to print the bible in English. On October 31st, 1517 Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses to the Chapel Church doors in Wittenberg. A significant change was Luther’s Disputation against Scholastic Theology. “The whole of Aristotle is to theology darkness is to light.”
Perhaps a key point of Christ’s work is evident in the doctrine of Natural Revelation. John Calvin states that natural revelation is the “theater” of God. “The heavens declare the glory of God: and the firmament sheweth his handywork.” The first chapter of John expresses the work of Christ as part of the triune God who created all things.
The major aspect of the Reformation was in scripture all along. The attainment of salvation by grace alone, through faith alone by Christ alone is the single most important aspect that has bore through time into the modern church. This has withstood the Counter Reformation.
The Council of Trent held between 1545 and 1563 was intent to counter and address what they say were heresies of the Protestant Reformation. This would include the abandonment of Mass, the concept of Eucharist, and of the Virgin Mary. The council had difficulty with attendance as a result to power and liberty given to bishops. The result of the counter both reformations lead to complete separation. The universal church has the same order, dogmatism and doctrines, while the Protestant Reformation seems to continue to reform; searching for the next revival.
The Modern Church
The modern church was a principal cause for independence of the new land. The church continued to preach “life through the word.” The church had to maintain its cruciform. It had to stay faithful to ordinances such as the Lord’s Supper and Baptism; although the topic of infant baptism is still a subject of controversy. Church polity does vary from denomination to denomination. Eschatology is also another area that there is debate on when Christ will return to take His bride. All of these presuppositions are necessary for seeking the truth in the bible. The mission for all of the denominations remains the unity. We are commissioned to preach the Gospel to the whole world.
There are some that have gained a tremendous movement under the umbrella of Christianity. They have appealed to the desires of this world; compromising the word of God and doctrines. This is a dangerous position for church leaders and fellowship. Interestingly, the 7 churches addressed in Revelations, bear strong resemblance to all of the churches today.
Theologies that are a result of the person and work of Christ are of utmost importance for the Christian in “knowing” our Lord. The doctrine of creation we learn of our provident God. The doctrine of natural revelation gives us comfort as we look into the work of our God all for His creature, for the glorification of Himself. The doctrine of “Special revelation is God’s self disclosure fully”, through scripture to His children.
The most important of these doctrines, which in some spaces is still debated the doctrine of Trinity. Jesus Christ, the first position under God the Father in perfect unity and equality all the works of God’s hand. The outward confession of faith shown through baptism is commenced, just as it was with Christ in the Jordan, with all three present.
The gravity of putting method of Christology in our lives is far-reaching. From the catechizing of the child, through adulthood into the church, we are to, as Christ said many times to follow him. We are to search the scriptures to find Him and learn and grow through our sanctification by the Holy Spirit. “Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us…” Preaching the gospel to the whole world, this is the Great Commission for the glorification of Him and for the edification of His children. In the end, this is to expedite the kingdom of God.
Inspired Word of God, (1611), “The King James Holy Bible”
Daniel L. Akin, 2007, “A Theology for the Church”
Ed M. van der Mass, 2000, “Halley’s Bible Handbook”
 The Holy Bible, Genesis 1:3
 The Holy Bible, Revelations 2:21
 The Holy Bible, Matthew 28:18-20
 The Holy Bible, Numbers 22:21-39
 The Holy Bible, John 1:1-5
 The Holy Bible, Genesis 1-2
 The Holy Bible, Isaiah 53:10
 The Holy Bible, 2 Corinthians 5:21
 The Holy Bible, John 5:39
 The Holy Bible, Genesis 18:3
 The Holy Bible, Genesis 49:10
 A Theology for the Church, Daniel Akin, Ch. 14, pg. 858
 The Holy Bible, Mark 5:34
 The Holy Bible, John 19:30
 The Holy Bible, Acts 9:4
 The Holy Bible, Philippians 1:23
 The Holy Bible, Revelations 11:15
 The Holy Bible, 1 Thessalonians 4:16
 The Holy Bible, 1 Corinthians 10:13
 The Holy Bible, 1 Corinthians 15:52, 1 Thes. 4:16,17
 The Holy Bible, Romans 5:12,15
 A Theology for Church, Daniel L. Akin, ch. 9, pg. 521
 A Theology for Church, Daniel L. Akin, ch. 9, pg. 522
 A Theology for Church, Daniel L. Akin, ch. 9, pg. 523
 A Theology for the Church, Daniel L. Akin, ch. 9, pg. 526
 The Holy Bible, John 17:15
 A Theology for the Church, Malcolm B. Yarnell III, ch.11, pg. 640
 Halley’s Bible Handbook, pg 990
 Halley’s Bible Handbook, pg 991
 A Theology for the Church, Russell D. Moore, ch. 2, pg 95
 A Theology for the Church, Russell D. Moore, ch. 2, pg 97
 The Holy Bible, Psalm 19:1
 A Theology for the Church, Mark E. Dever, ch. 13, pg.779
 The Holy Bible, Revelation 2:14-16, 3:14-16
 A Theology for the Church, David S. Dockery and David P. Nelson, ch. 3, pg. 119
 The Holy Bible, 2 Corinthians 5:20