The two views on the Lord’s Supper commonly known and practiced are the Eucharist where the bread and wine are subject to supernatural transubstantiation a part of a ritual known as Mass that predates the church. The supernatural aspect was added by Pope Innocent in 1215 A.D. The Protestants and Baptists (Baptist predate Protestants and historically outside both Protestant and Catholic, therefore listed separately) view it as a remembrance of the sacrifice our Lord made for us. The function and methods thereof are almost the same were, generally a small wafer or bread is consumed with a sip of wine. The Lord’s Supper as conveyed in Scripture cannot be mistaken as anything other than remembrance of what Christ has done for us. The Lord’s Supper is to be a reminder to be Berean in efforts to learn and submit to His new covenant. There is no evidence of supernatural transubstantiation of the bread and wine or the warrant for re-sacrificing Christ.
Matthew 26:26-29, Mark 22-24, Luke 22:7-39 present the accounts of the events in the upper room for Passover. Passover bread was unleavened bread and likely thick and dense to contrast Matzo today. When tearing this bread it must have been dramatic and rightfully so to represent the tearing of Christ’s body. And they served wine and water mixture. The Jewish tradition states that this may have been the fourth glass of wine that there were consuming. Intoxication is not an option. Luke 22:19 clearly states, “this do in remembrance of me.” We are a forgetful creature. Israel gave plenty of evidence of our forgetfulness. “And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and went a whoring after Baalim, and made Baalberith their god.” Judges 8:33
Dr John MacArthur writes, “No Eucharist miracle of transubstantiation was implied, nor could the disciples have missed the symbolic intent of His statement, for His actual body- yet unbroken-was before their very eyes.”
Christ clearly being metaphoric is substantiated by when He was temped by Lucifer after fasting for over a month’s time. Matthew 4:4 reads “It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.” The bread is symbolic of Christ’s living word, the Holy Bible. Drinking of the wine as symbol of the New Testament, a new covenant, to blot out our sins, and wash them away by taking of the cup as a symbol. All of these things are merely outward expressions. Wine is poured out lavishly like the Samaritan to the man on the road. The blood is given freely to the believers. And its sufficiency is everlasting. This imagery closes the separation between us and the Father once and for all. Christ’s prays fervently on our behalf in Gethsemane for this very thing. John 17:22 reads, “And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:” The blood is “a cash” used to pay for sins. Christ’s replaced a multitude of beasts because they are not sufficient. Only the blood of a righteous one true God who came off the throne can pay justice to the Father for our fallen natures. Paul writes in Romans 5:9, “Much more than, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.”
Therefore, the crucifixion was not meant to be repeated. It was most certainly sufficient. Hebrews 10:18 explains there is no repeat occurrence for offerings for sin. “Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.” Colossians 1:15-28 shows the supremacy of God. But in 1 Peter 3:18 Peter drives home sufficiency in these words, “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.”
However, repeating crucifixion is common practice under the sacraments of Mass and Eucharist. The proceedings of Eucharist start with an offering or oblation. This offering changes from what we see as a wafer and sacramental wine to the actual flesh and actual blood of Christ. The sacrament must be administered by a sanctified priest. He is called a minister of sacrifice. The Papacy go so far as to call the wafer the victim. The addition by the Papacy of these sacraments is supporting evidence of the powers of papal dominion over the Holy Bible. Scripture shows no evidence of the breaking of bread and drinking of wine to be a presentation ‘to’ God. The Bible shows no transubstantiation in the text. Nowhere in the entire Bible is the position of a priest by any title given the same rights or abilities specifically designated to Jesus Christ. The re-sacrificing of Christ in a literal sense through transubstantiation contradicts Romans 6:10, Hebrews 10 and1 Peter 3:18. The Catholic Church depicts Christ’s work on the cross as insufficient. The work on the cross wasn’t good enough and it needs to be repeated by a priest and administered to the sinner. Mass is another practice not found in text. Mass is even deemed holy. Mass is described as a sacramental ritual where a priest is possessed by Christ for the moment to administer the ritual. The Catholic Church call this the Sacred Host. They also deem Christ a victim, which implies He had no foreknowledge or control of the events leading up to His capture, conviction and crucifixion.
“Whatever else the Mass may be, it is the commemoration and the repetition of the Last Supper. It is the perpetual fulfillment of the command given by Jesus Christ to his Apostles, and through them, to all his priests until the end of time” The beginning of Catholic tradition can be traced outside of Christendom. There are great many practices, rituals, idols and images that have been consumed from outside sources, beliefs and religions. The Eucharist is depicted as a real sacrifice, with the real presence and real body and blood by supernatural means. “The Jews partake of the altar, and the heathens partake with devils, when they eat of the things which have been sacrificed on the altar or sacrificed to the devils. Similarly if the Christians are partakers of the blood of Christ and of his body, as St Paul says they are, this can only be so because, in drinking and eating of them …”
In order to follow any of this, one must be aware of the Lateran Council in 1215, where this sacrament was added by Pope Innocent III. Papal powers are infallible on the word of God. The sacrament was instituted by another Innocent, Innocent I, in his reign in 401-417.
As the Word of God states, the Lord’s Supper a remembrance of what Christ has done for us. As fallen creatures, we should submit to the Holy Bible. The only evidence of substantiation is by men who deemed themselves equals with Christ and above Scripture. There is no indication of validity to their supremacy and infallibility. The ordinances are to be in remembrance of this covenant, or New Testament is to remind us of the purchase of ourselves. Breaking and eating of bread and drinking the wine are all symbols, metaphors and outward expressions not unlike wearing a wedding ring. If the practices of consuming the broken bread and drinking the wine be more than remembrance, then they are works to obtain salvation. Christ is sufficient.
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