A new heaven and earth were first mentioned in Isaiah 65:17. “For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: the former shall not be remembered, nor come to mind.” (KJV Holy Bible) The next verse portrays the emotion of this. “But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people to joy.” (Isaiah 65:18, KJV Holy Bible) Christ speaks of rejoicing in the Sermon on the Mount. The Greek word used was agallio, which quite literally means to jump for joy. Samach does not hold the same exuberance, but Christ often spoke in dramatics to truly emphasize point and separation. It follows with the word chedvah or joy. Samach in conjunction with chedvah gives the reader the feeling of double the gladness. Similar to the repeated expressions of blessedness of the persecuted in Matthew 5.
Revelation 21 repeats the expression of a new heaven and earth, but now with emotion of adornment. “And I John saw holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.” (Revelation 21:2, KJV Holy Bible) This holy city referred to as “new Jerusalem” does not give the same contextual view of place but a person(s). New Jerusalem is the bride of Christ. This image concludes the view of last things.
The New Heaven and Earth are two fold in the concept of eschatology. Both physical and spiritual or fully God and fully man. After the Great Tribulation and the Resurrection, the church, the bride, the body of Christ as one with God in covenantal, eternal union will experience chedvah like no other. The agallio will be known throughout the new heaven and earth. “…Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them and be their God.” Completing the promise of Abraham and the last prayer in Gethsemane of reunion of our Creator with His creature. Forever twain.